Whiplash is a neck injury due to forceful, rapid back-and-forth movement of the neck, similar to cracking a whip. Whiplash is on of the most common injuries that occurs during a rear-end auto accident, but they can also come about from a sports accident, other types of auto injuries or a variety of trauma.

Common signs and symptoms of whiplash include neck pain, stiffness and headaches. When a whiplash injury occurs, it is important to be evaluated by a medical professional as there maybe underlying injuries to the soft tissues, also known as a sprain or strain. Left untreated these may develop into chronic neck and back pain with possible other long-lasting complications.


Signs and symptoms of whiplash normally develop within 24-72 hours after the injury and may include:

  • Neck pain and stiffness

  • Worsening of pain with neck movement

  • Loss of range of motion in the neck

  • Headaches, most often starting at the base of the skull

  • Tenderness or pain in the shoulder, upper back or arms

  • Tingling or numbness in the arms

  • Fatigue

  • Dizziness

Some may also experience:

  • Blurred vision

  • Ringing in the ears (tinnitus)

  • Sleep disturbances

  • Irritability

  • Difficulty concentrating

  • Memory problems

  • Depression